Grade: 11

Credit: 1

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Pre-AP English 10 or a grade of B or better in English 10, student interest in advanced study, and teacher recommendation.

This course in advanced language, literature, and composition is designed for the student who needs and desires the challenge of an advanced English class. Students are expected to master all English 11 performance indicators of the curriculum guide and complete a study of American literature. Critical, analytical, and creative writings concerning fiction and poetry are required. In May, the students take an exam to qualify for advanced standing in college and/or college credit. Successful completion of the eleventh grade research paper is a requirement for successful completion of this course.

AP English Language & Composition

Summer Assignment 2019



Please read carefully!


Purchase a copy of Thank You for Arguing (TYFA) Third Edition of (Copyright 2017) by Jay Heinrichs



Part 1:  Students will read and annotate the Preface through Ch. 19 (preface - pg. 235) & hand in their book at the end of the 2nd week of school (for a grade).  Keep in mind that some of the topics Henrichs uses for examples are just that: examples. Additionally, it is imperative that students read the chapters in their entirety, as we will be working with these concepts for the remainder of the school year.


Part 2:  At the end of the first two weeks of school, students will be required to complete a  book assessment on material covered in aforementioned chapters and an essay in which they analyze strategies and concepts covered in the book that are used in a persuasive speech.  


Read & annotate carefully! The book assessment will cover material on the study guide (listed below). Students do not need to answer the questions (unless you want to), but they should annotate the book specifically for these items.  



Thank You for Arguing Study Guide - Know the answers to these for the book assessment.



      What does the quote before the introduction mean?


Chapter 1 - Open Your Eyes

1.       Define Rhetoric.

2.       Know the history of rhetorical study on pages 4-5.


Chapter 2 - Set Your Goals

                   3) What is the difference between fighting and arguing?

                   4) What does persuasion try to do?

                   5) What is deliberative argument? (Hint: You’ll have to use context clues to build your  


                    6) Why should you only “concede a point that will not damage your case/argument  


                   7) What are Cicero’s 3 goals for persuading people?

                    8) How does “changing the mood” help your argument?


Chapter 3 - Control the Tense

                   9) What are the three types of issues established by Aristotle? Why are knowing these  


                   10) Why is it important to establish what core issue you are arguing about?

                  11) How can changing the tense (past, present, future) help you be more successful?

                  12) What is the purpose of forensic, demonstrative, and deliberative rhetoric?

                  13) What type of rhetoric is “the rhetoric of choice”? Why?


Chapter 4 - Soften Them Up

                 14) What is argument by logic (logos), character (ethos), and emotion (pathos)?

                 15) Why is concession the most powerful tool of logos?

                 16) How does “align[ing] yourself with your listener’s pathos” help you in an argument?



Chapter 5 - Get Them to Like You

                 17) What components make up decorum?

                 18) Why must you change your decorum based on your audience’s expectations?


Chapter 6 - Make Them Listen

               19) Identify and define the “3 essential qualities of persuasive ethos.”


Chapter 7 - Use Your Craft

                20) What is practical wisdom?

                21) Why is practical wisdom important to building one’s ethos?


Chapter 8 - Show You Care

                22) Why is ethos most important than any other aspect of rhetoric?

                23) How can dubitatio function in an argument?


Chapter 9 - Control the Mood

               24) According to Aristotle, where do emotions come from? Is this an accurate statement? Why?

               25) Why is a “detailed narrative” the best way to change the mood of your audience?

                 25) Understand the statement: “When you argue emotionally, speak simply.”

                 27) What is the problem with humor?

                28) What is unannounced emotion?


Chapter 10 - Turn the Volume Down

                29) Why is the passive voice so useful?

                30) How might you use the backfire technique in an argument?


Chapter 11 - Gain the High Ground

                 31) Why must you keep the motivation of your audience in mind when trying to persuade  


                  32) What is “rhetorical commonplace?” Explain.  


Chapter 12 - Persuade on Your Terms

                  33) Understand definition/redefinition.

                  34) Why must you as a “persuader” identify commonplace words?

                  35) What tense is best when addressing values? Why?


Chapter 13 - Control the Argument

                  36) What is a syllogism?

                  37) What is an enthymeme?

                  38) Know the difference between inductive & deductive logic.

      39) What key word easily identifies the proof in an argument?




Chapter 14 - Spot Fallacies

   40) What are 4 questions that can help you determine if there is a fallacy in an argument? How  

          can you use these in everyday life?

               41) What are the 3 identifiers associated with logical fallacies?

               42) Understand: The False Comparison, The Bad Example, Ignorance of Proof, Tautology

               43) Understand the following devices:

A.     Many questions

B.      False dilemma

C.      Complex cause

D.     The red herring

E.      Straw man

       F. Slippery slope

Chapter 15 - Call a Foul

                 59) What is the purpose of argument?

                 60) Explain the Fallacy of Power.

                 61) Explain the Foul: Wrong Tense & Explain the Foul: “The Right Way.”

                 62) Explain innuendo, the threat, and utter stupidity.


Chapter 16 - Know Whom to Trust

                 63) When in an argument, and ethos is used, what is the first thing to look for to determine if         

                          ethos is accurate? How could this be applied to your life?

                 64) Explain, define, and give an example of “virtue” according to Aristotle.

                 65) Explain the quote from Aristotle: “There’s virtue in moderation.”


Chapter 17 - Find the Sweet Spot

                 66) Explain “practical wisdom” or phronesis.

                 67) What is the most important trait of practical wisdom? Why?

                 68) What are the steps to evaluating ethos?


Chapter 18 - Deal with a Bully

                69) How can you personally benefit from a bully?


Advanced Defense


Chapter 19 - Get Instant Cleverness

                70) What are schemes?

                71) Define metonymy and synecdoche.

                72) Understand chiasmus, antithesis, and litotes.  

                73) Why should one use the simplest figures of thought in a serious argument?